Electrical scooters (also known as e-scooters) come under the category of “powered transporters”. This also covers a range of other personal transport devices which are powered by a motor.

“Powered transporters” fall within the legal definition of a motor vehicle under the Road Traffic Act 1988. Therefore, the rules that apply to motor vehicles, also apply to e-scooters.

As a motor vehicle, they must comply with various pieces of Road Traffic Legislation, including but not limited to:

  • driving with a licence
  • driving/riding with insurance
  • driving/riding other than on a road
  • need to be taxed

It is not currently possible to get appropriate insurance for privately owned e-scooters, meaning it is illegal to use them on the road or in public spaces.

Rental e-scooter trials

Trials of rental e-scooters are taking place in the UK. Any person who uses a rental e-scooter on a public road or other public space, must comply with the relevant Road Traffic Legislation or they face potential prosecution.

Legal use of an e-scooter

It is legal to use an e-scooter:

  • on private land with the permission of the land owner
  • when the trial comes in, it will be legal to use the rental e-scooters, from specific companies on the road

Enforcement focused on private e-scooters

Prior to and during the trial, enforcement will be focused on private e-scooters. The most appropriate action for the circumstances will be given, these include:

  • a Fixed Penalty Notice for no insurance, with a £300 fine and six penalty points
  • a Fixed Penalty Notice for no driving licence, up to £100 fine and three to six penalty points

Rider behaviour

Police will also take action against rider behaviour, whether private or rental. Offences could include:

  • riding on the footway: Fixed Penalty Notice and possible £50 fine
  • using a mobile phone: £100 and six penalty points
  • riding through red lights: Fixed Penalty Notice, £100 fine and possible penalty points
  • drink driving offences: As with driving cars; court imposed fines, driving ban and possible imprisonment

We would always recommend to wear safety protection such as a helmet when riding these vehicles, and to keep to the speed limit.